Koopas are a race of turtle-like creatures that have appeared in almost every game in the Super Mario series. They seem to operate in a hierarchy-based grouping system. Bowser is the leader of the militaristic Koopa Clan, an organization that has attempted to conquer the peaceful Mushroom Kingdom many times. Many Koopas are soldiers in this army, and have different tasks in the organization based on the abilities of their particular class. For example, as Koopa Troopas have no special attributes, they are often assigned as the basic foot soldiers of the Koopa Troop alongside Goombas. On the other hand, Magikoopas are often given advisory roles due to their magical abilities and gift of foresight.

However, not all Koopas are allied with Bowser. Some Koopas, such as the Koopa Troopas of Koopa Village, live peacefully inside the borders of the Mushroom Kingdom, while others, such as Koopa the Quick in Super Mario 64, simply hold no allegiance and operate independently.

Similar to turtles, they possess shells as a means of defense. Unlike turtles, however, the shells are not integrated into their body and more-or-less act as wearable armour/clothing, as evidenced by Super Mario World and Paper Mario.

Types of Koopa

Individual Koopas