Often considered the Chinese version of a vampire or of a zombie. The actual word "Jiang Shi" comes from the Chinese for "stiff corpse", coming from the Jiang Shi's rigor mortis, which makes them incapable of jumping or walking. Instead, they move along with a stiff, hopping gait. This also causes their nails to strengthen and their arms outstretch. It is possible to knock a Jiang Shi over so they can't get up. They are created when a person's soul fails to leave the deceased body. This could be due to an improper death, suicide, or just the desire to cause trouble. They hop around, killing the living and absorbing their life essence, but have no higher consciousness, such as independent thought. They also cannot see, think or speak, but instead locate their prey either with their sense of smell or by detecting their breathing. In a Japanese legend, if you hold your breath you may be able to escape these monsters.
They can differ wildly in appearance and often wear very old fashioned clothes because a Jiang Shi won't wake up for at least hundred years. To ward off a Jiang Shi, you need to write a special spell on thin yellow paper, using chickens blood as ink, and stick it to its forehead. It is also said that rice will stop Jiang Shi in their tracks. They cannot pass without stopping and to count every single grain. Sticky rice can also be used to draw out their evil spirit. They can also be gathered together by dark sorcerers to use as an army or body guards.